In Kleine-Levin syndrome, also known as Sleeping Beauty syndrome, the cycle of hypersomnia can last for hours, days or weeks.
Clean Lyon Syndrome (SKL), also known as “Sleeping Beauty Syndrome”, is named after the protagonist of a German fairy tale Gold was condemned until it was awakened by a prince. With kisses of love.
In medicine, the name refers to a rare neurological disorder that is difficult to diagnose, known as Klein Lyon Syndrome, in honor of the two scientists who tried to describe the condition. Was classified as one of the different types. Hypersomnia.
See also: Sleep Disorders.
Among the salient features of this syndrome of unknown origin are the following: ۔ 2) Extreme resistance to waking up and waking up during the day; 3) Unknown condition which makes it difficult to explain the diagnosis related to the condition. 4) The severity of the crisis decreases with time. 5) Favorable diagnosis, although the final treatment is not yet known. 6) Outbreaks usually last for about ten days and may recur every three or four months of the year.
The crisis of hypersomnia can last for hours, days, or weeks, and is accompanied by uncontrolled cognitive and behavioral changes, which affect the quality of life of the person and those living with them, as well. It also affects patients’ social, emotional and professional performance. Of the bet.
Clean Lyon Syndrome can appear at any age, but it mainly affects male adolescents and young adults. Only occasionally do women and the elderly suffer from this condition, which is associated with the classic three of the following symptoms: hyper sonia (deep sleep), hyperphagia (forced eating) and open and aggressive sexual activity.
As there is no known effective treatment that promotes complete cure of the syndrome, medical follow-up of patients with this condition has shown that this condition can be treated at 35/40 years of age without medication or special care. Fabrication may be missing.
Causes of Clean Lyon Syndrome
Kleine-Levin syndrome is a condition whose cause is not yet known (hence it is called idiopathic or primary). Many hypotheses have already been raised that try to clarify the nature of the disease, starting with a type of virus infection that reappears from time to time.
Genetic, autoimmune and hereditary factors, head injuries and stress stress are other possible causes of the syndrome, which are currently being studied.
Some research shows that the presence of functional changes in certain parts of the brain (hypothalamusThe limbic system, thalamus and frontotemporal cortex, for example) may be related to sleep and emotion regulation in patients with the syndrome.
Currently, the trend is to recognize that the condition may have a genetic component and is related to immune and environmental factors.
Symptoms Of Clean Lyon Syndrome
Excessive sleepiness, cravings for food, and recurrence of complete sexual misconduct are important symptoms of Clean Leone Syndrome.
At the onset of the crisis, hypersomnia can last for hours and hours of intense, uninterrupted sleep. After much effort, the person wakes up, uses the bathroom, and eats uncontrollably.
Called the “sleep connection”, this phase of the transition from sleep to wakefulness can be slow and confusing.
Even during crises, in the short term when she really wakes up, drastic changes in behavior can occur, including extreme fatigue, numbness, mental confusion, disturbance of attention and concentration, memory impairment, irritability, eating. Lack of control, loss of prevention. Sex and even deception.
Another recurring complaint, in these cases, is the difficulty in separating the dream from reality when the person tries to remember what happened while sleeping (mild amnesia). It is also common for waking hours to be marked by forced behavior, emotional weakness, and patients being extremely sensitive to noise and light.
It is important to note that, between one crisis and another, the person returns to normal behavior and resumes normal activities, as if he or she had never been affected by this sleep disorder. On the contrary, they seem to be performing well, enjoying perfect physical and mental health, and only a minority show signs of more permanent psychiatric disorders.
See also: Lack of sleep
appraisal Of Clean Lyon Syndrome
From a medical point of view, the diagnosis of Kleine-Levin syndrome of unknown cause is made by expulsion, preferably a multidisciplinary team, led by a neurologist.
Therefore, laboratory blood tests and imaging tests (MRIUltrasound Computed tomography) Has been shown to be useful in establishing a differential diagnosis with other pathologies that present similar symptoms.
In any case, the most reliable test for the diagnosis of hypersomnia, in general, and Klein-Leon syndrome, in particular, is polymyography, which is a non-invasive procedure that assesses the quality of sleep and Allows diagnosis of possible associated disorders.
In order to complete the diagnosis, it is important that the symptoms persist for at least a month and have a negative effect on the patient’s quality of life.
Treatment of Clean Lyon Syndrome
To date, there is no known effective treatment for Kleine-Levin syndrome, a rare condition with low prevalence and unknown cause. Faced with such evidence, scholars have turned their attention to symptom control and relief. It is already known that using certain stimulants, such as amphetamines and antidepressants, may improve the quality of life of patients with this condition, which has had some effect on similar medical conditions and underlying psychological symptoms. Is.
With regard to pharmacological resources, mood stabilizers and anticoagulants may be part of the treatment provided for behavioral disorders related to the syndrome. Prescriptions for lithium-based drugs have already been tried during the crisis and have proved to be beneficial.
During crises, it is part of the treatment to let him sleep as long as he deems it necessary, without interference.
However, despite the different methods, the goal of treatment remains the same: to reduce excessive sleep periods during the day and, as far as possible, to increase the amount at which a person is able to stay fully awake.
Unfortunately, effective treatment for the syndrome still lies. However, the current study suggests that what is known as Sleeping Beauty Syndrome, as previously thought, is not benign. The current trend is to recognize that this condition has a genetic origin that is related to immune and environmental factors.
Frequently asked questions about Kleine-Levin syndrome
What are the symptoms of Clean Lyon Syndrome?
Excessive sleepiness, cravings for food, and recurrence of complete sexual misconduct are important symptoms of Clean Leone Syndrome. During seizures, during periods when the person wakes up, drastic changes in behavior, extreme fatigue, numbness, mental confusion, poor concentration and concentration, memory loss, irritability, lack of control over food, loss of sexual control and even That deception too.
In addition, there are difficulties in distinguishing dreams from reality and in expressing compulsive behaviors, emotional abilities, and sensitivity to noise and light.
What Causes Clean Lyon Syndrome?
Kleine-Levin Syndrome is a condition with an unknown cause. Currently, the trend is to recognize that the condition may have a genetic component and is related to immune and environmental factors.