[Cultura Digital] WEB 3.0 Volume 4 | decentralization

What was the unique function of the Internet? It’s definitely not about greedily exploiting the numerous, the previous mannequin we already perceive is unsustainable for society and the planet.


Per Alexander AdoglioCMO h sonic and digital entrepreneur.
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PLEASE NOTE: Nothing on this article constitutes funding recommendation, this content material is for instructional functions solely and represents the opinion of the creator. Always do your personal analysis for any kind of monetary funding.

Ever since our ancestors fell from the willows and commenced to band collectively to compromise frequent objectives, we’ve got adopted a mannequin of collective residing by management and centralized decision-making.

However, within the early days of the applied sciences we now name “the web,” the straightforward concept of ​​centralizing one thing was frowned upon. A conceptual framework for people-liking Tim Berners-Lee It was a possibility to consider dedication to growth, to maximise democratization by way of entry and possession of data.

In reality, it goes again to the unique philosophy behind the Internet, which was created in the course of the Cold War to decentralize American communications, making them much less susceptible to assault. Initially, on-line instruments had been so free that they didn’t require information change, resembling on-line chats and BBS know-how. torrents has added numerous machines to make recordsdata obtainable on-line for obtain.

This first interval of educational freedom was adopted by know-how entrepreneurs (a lot of them funded by the US authorities) who sought to develop instruments to unfold the Internet all over the world, together with first e-mail providers, then browsers, functions, and different on-line options. . Appeared right here A big technical physiquetransferring trillions nowadays and telling the foundations of learn how to assume, work together, win and lose.

Take social media platforms for instance, the place your information (all of your pictures, messages, and so forth.) is saved solely on centralized servers owned by the platform suppliers. They management entry to that info, that’s, in the event that they use your information for one thing you may by no means find out about. The identical is true of banks and our present financial system. It is a centralized system the place few establishments make choices.

The circulation of life, the pandemic that terrorizes this mannequin that brings everybody to their knees and subjugates the bulk to the desire of the few, is a legacy of the Industrial Revolution, which benefited humanity vastly however appeared pointless when it created such actions. as nice resignationthis has led tens of millions of individuals to resign in quest of a brand new lifestyle.

A Web 3.0 paradigm shift has been developed. / Source: Blockchain 101

Now with the appearance of blockchain know-how, info is shared on the chain and saved in a decentralized open ledger that information the standing of any kind of data. These will be money transactions, but additionally another types of info that change their standing over time. The blockchain is saved on a number of computer systems linked to an open or closed peer-to-peer community that anybody can be part of. It additionally implies that anybody can write (and browse) info to the blockchain.

A consensus mechanism to make sure that new info recorded is appropriate and uncorrupted, and that previous information haven’t been modified or edited, makes the blockchain community too costly to deprave. Currently, consensus mechanisms are sometimes used proof of labor (used to confirm bitcoins) and Proof-of-Stake (e.g. used to test Solana). This complete course of is commonly referred to easily as “community safety”.

With this know-how that has emerged lately, it has change into doable to develop functions that don’t have to be saved in a single place, that’s, we will create software program and as an alternative of sharing its recordsdata on a single server, we will distribute it. in a number of locations Dapps.

The customers of this software program are additionally its homeowners, which implies that you need to use it with out exchanging your private information and in addition earn cash with the efficiency of the software by automated mechanisms (good contracts) for group administration and participation by tokens (NFTs, operational, participation, social, and so forth.).

Dapps, a brand new know-how to decentralize the online.


When we entry the online nowadays, our computer systems use the HTTP protocol within the type of net addresses to seek out info saved in a hard and fast location, often a server. In distinction, with Dapps, you’ll find info primarily based on its content material, which suggests it may be saved in a number of locations on the identical time. As a consequence, this type of the online consists of all computer systems that present providers, in addition to entry to them, referred to as peer-to-peer connections.

Such a system would enable the hacking of enormous databases at present maintained centrally by web corporations reasonably than customers (therefore, the decentralized net). Essentially, this higher protects customers from personal and authorities surveillance, as information is now not simply saved for third events to entry.

Technologies to allow one of these exercise are in full swing, resembling Cos.television, for instance, Cos.television is the primary video platform powered by the Contentos blockchain, the place you may watch movies, share content material, and obtain rewards in COS token/forex, making YouTube completely decentralized various. , which typically blocks related content material because of opaque utilization insurance policies. Zeronet is a substitute for the prevailing net the place web sites are hosted by a community of collaborating computer systems protected by the identical encryption used for Bitcoin, reasonably than a centralized server.


Decentralized methods have extra open entry to info and, most significantly, don’t depend on a single entity. This is very necessary when unhealthy actors begin to rise to energy, as a result of they’ll by no means management a whole system by controlling only one entity. By the identical logic, a decentralized construction is more durable to hack as a result of there is no such thing as a single level of failure.

An obstacle of a decentralized system is the problem of coordinating processes to achieve decision-making consensus, since duty is distributed amongst all individuals in a given community.


Web 3.0 doesn’t require “permission,” that means that central authorities don’t determine who has entry to which providers, and doesn’t require “belief,” that means that no middleman is required to make digital transactions between two or extra events. Because these businesses and intermediaries do a lot of the information assortment, Web 3.0 technically higher protects consumer privateness. This implies that as an alternative of customers accessing the Internet by providers mediated by corporations resembling Google, Apple or Facebook, people personal and management the sections and functions they use.

A current homonymous occasion in Florida (USA) with a reasonably liberal financial character, however a strong idea that technically examines the most recent applied sciences within the sector, particularly the DeFi we talked about. extra decentralization advantages society. Some of this content material is out there right here.

It is at this level that we start to grasp The actual affect that Web 3.0 will convey to tens of millions of individuals’s lives, to pursue the true authentic function of the web by the limitless change of data, private analysis, equal distribution of outcomes, democratization of entry and, above all, freedom of expression. This shouldn’t be about being in opposition to entrepreneurs earning profits from their on-line companies, however in regards to the grasping exploitation of the few over the numerous in an previous enterprise mannequin that we’ve got come to appreciate is unsustainable for us, society and the planet.


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