The first step, of course, is to get medical help. The health professional may order a test to determine if the candidiasis is genetic, oral, or intestinal. Once this has happened, it is possible for the doctor to prescribe long-term treatment, due to recurrence.
The most common medications prescribed are given in multiple doses for seven to 14 days, or orally. Weekly drug therapy may also be indicated to prevent the problem from recurring. This treatment can be continued for six to twelve months.
In addition to medications, one should try to identify and correct possible factors that may be associated with candidiasis. It is therefore important to always maintain a healthy diet, not to wear tight and tight clothing, to get adequate sleep, to treat constipation, to engage in regular physical activity and to control stress.
Vulvovaginal candidiasis, the most common, is an infection of the genital area called an overgrowth of the fungus. Candida albicans. This microorganism is natural in the body, and its spread usually occurs when the immune system is not strengthened, leading to an imbalance of the vaginal microbiota.
Recurrent candidiasis is diagnosed when a woman has four or more episodes of infection in a year. It may be related to overuse of antibiotics, hormonal contraceptives or corticosteroids, weakening of the immune system due to pregnancy, diabetes, obesity and other diseases, in favor of fungal growth.
Other related factors include: inappropriate clothing (tight underwear, bikinis that stay wet for long periods of time, lycra fabrics and other synthetic materials that increase vaginal temperature); Inadequate hygiene; Stress
The symptoms of chronic candidiasis are the same as for the disease that eventually develops. Symptoms include: white paste discharge, itching and burning in the intimate area, swelling, redness and localized cracks. Often, the problem can be mistaken for a urinary tract infection. Therefore, if you have any of these symptoms, it is very important to seek medical help.
Sources: Carolina KanhaGynecologist in BP – A Beneficência Portuguesa de São Paulo; Claudelsson BastosInfectious Diseases Specialist at Grupo Sabin and Professor of Infectious Diseases at Uneb (University of State of Bahia); Fernando BoulderinGynecologist and Obstetrician, Human Reproductive Specialist and Physician at ART Clinic – Reproductive Assistant, in Sao Paulo; Lillian GranjiroInfectious Diseases Physician at HGF (Hospital Gerald de Fortaleza); Raquel Atran Coelho PaxutoHead of the Department of Women’s Health at the Maternity School Assis Chateaubriand, from the UFC (Federal University of Ceará), affiliated with the Ebserh Network (Brazilian Hospital Services Company).
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