Osteoporosis: How to avoid injury and maintain bone health

One in five people have a bone injury. (Photo: Sabine Van Erp / Paxabe)

As the population grows and develops unhealthy habits, bone structure can be compromised. According to figures released by the International Osteoporosis Federation (IOF), more than 10 million people in Brazil suffer from the disease, which is characterized by low bone density, which makes these structures vulnerable, fragile and fractured. Responsible for making more sensitive to.

In addition, according to the organs, worldwide, one in five men have bone wounds. For women, the numbers are even higher: one in three women suffers from muscle health problems as a result of developing osteoporosis.

While this is a worrying situation, the good news is that maintaining bone health, adapting to some routine, eating foods that help strengthen those structures, and adhering to an annual prevention calendar and regular medical appointments It can be done easily. .

With a higher incidence in women, approaching the onset of menopause and with a family history of the disease, patients in this risk group should be given extra attention and the following steps should be taken.

Physical activity with weights

There are numerous health benefits to exercising, including for skeletal structure. When done with weights, such as weight training, these activities help to strengthen muscles and reduce the effects of daily routines on bones and joints. For those who do not like going to the gym, activities that use their body weight, such as walking, are also recommended.

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Healthy diet

Following a healthy diet rich in nutrients such as calcium, magnesium, zinc and vitamin D is essential for strong bones. While calcium is responsible for ensuring the rigidity of these structures, effective absorption occurs only when combined with other minerals and vitamins.

In addition to dietary supplements, the use of a variety of milk and dairy products, dark green vegetables, nuts and seeds such as sesame and flax seeds can help maintain the recommended daily percentage to prevent future wounds.

Regular medical appointments and examinations

In addition to frequent consultations with other specialists, periodic visits by a rheumatologist and orthopedist are necessary to monitor bone health. Especially in the case of patients with a family history. Physical examinations and other specialized tests, such as bone density, can be performed annually to estimate the density of the structure and to allow early diagnosis of the disease.

Adaptation to the home environment

Injury prevention begins at home. A safe home environment, free from slippery areas and footsteps, adaptation with grab bars in the shower, for example, can guarantee a lower risk of accidents.

Excessive use of substances and medicines

Consideration should also be given to excessive consumption of substances such as coffee – which can inhibit the absorption of calcium – alcoholic beverages, cigarettes and drugs such as sedatives and painkillers, which can affect balance and cause falls. Can become
For patients who suffer from bone disease or are interested in learning more about muscle health, Zimmer Biomet recently launched The Ready Patient Portal. Through the numerous articles published on the channel, it is possible to understand more about preparation and recovery from surgeries such as topics, diagnosis, curiosity, healthy living tips, hip and knee surgery.

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