The sunspot doubles in 24 hours and can release radiation to the ground.

Between Sunday (19) and Monday (20) night, the size of the Sun’s space called AR 3038 doubled. It now faces the Earth, increasing the risk that a solar storm will emit radiation-laden particles to our planet.

Images obtained by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory show how the space is evolving. Experts at the site revealed that “the size of the rapidly rising sun’s space has doubled in just 24 hours.” “AR 3038 has an unstable ‘beta gamma’ magnetic field, which stores energy for Class M solar flares.”


Photo taken by NASA’s Solar Dynamics Observatory, which monitors Sunspot AR3038. Experts note that its size doubled in 24 hours. Photo: SDO / HMI / NASA

The Sun has an 11-year cycle of solar activity, and is currently in what astronomers call the Solar Cycle 25. This number indicates the cycles that scientists have closely followed. At the height of the solar cycles, there is a series of spots on the surface of the sun, representing the concentration of energy.

Sunspots are dark areas on the surface of the sun that can “explode” and emit intense radiation. This is because they form in areas with strong magnetic fields, and sometimes these tangled magnetic fields can trigger an explosion.

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According to the internationally established classification, solar flares M are the second strongest type, within the scale divided into categories A, B, C, M, X (from the weakest to the strongest). An M9 beacon, the most violent of the M-Class, has the potential to cause a 10-minute radio blackout in areas affected by Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) on Earth.

In addition, if they come in direct contact with the Earth’s magnetic sphere, charged particles of radiation, starting at an incredible speed of 1.6 million kilometers per hour, could interfere with the GPS signal. Which can affect communication and navigation systems. NASA warned in a statement that “CME particles could collide with important electronics aboard the satellite and disrupt its systems.”

Another possible consequence of the collision of coronal masses emitted by the sun with the atoms in the upper part of the Earth’s atmosphere is the formation of colored light shows called auroras. When they are in the northern hemisphere, they are called aurora borealis. In the Southern Hemisphere, they are Aurora Australis.

Generally, after a solar storm, it takes a few days for the particles to reach Earth when it is directed towards our planet. However, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Space Weather Prediction Center (SWPC) is monitoring Sunspot AR 3038 and no warning has been issued yet.

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