A video circulating on social media shows a patient from Itaguaí (RJ), with suspected monkey pox, complaining of pain, fever and blisters on the body. The woman – who did not want to be identified – was treated at a city hospital and is living in solitary confinement at home.
In all, there are eight confirmed cases of monkey pox in Brazil: four in Sao Paulo, two in Rio Grande do Sul and two in Rio de Janeiro.
“I went yesterday. [Hospital] San Francisco [Xavier]With suspected smallpox [dos macacos]. My face is very aggressive, with glands, here on the neck and a little further down. I’m in a lot of pain, I have a high fever, a lot of headaches, and these blisters keep on hurting, “he said in the recording.
“I’m still waiting for the results of the exams that went to Rio,” he added.
In an interview with the local website “Atual”, the woman said that she started feeling the first symptoms on June 14. She said she works at a hotel in the Costa Verde area, which is known for attracting a large number of foreign tourists, but she has not been to work for more than a month.
The patient stated that she was taking diaper. deocil To reduce pain. Health professionals visited his home this Monday (20) to collect the material and send it to the Osvaldo Cruise Institute for analysis.
In a note UOLItaguaí City Hall said the patient’s case was already under investigation and all containment and control measures had been taken.
“The health department has already officially informed the state health authorities,” he said.
The state health department is monitoring the case with the help of state surveillance, the state health department said.
“The patient is a 25-year-old woman who is currently alone at home,” he says.
How pollution occurs.
Monkey pox is a rare viral disease that is spread through close / intimate contact with an infected person with skin lesions. This may be due to contact, for example, hugging, kissing, massaging, sexual intercourse, or near and long respiratory secretions.
“Transmission also occurs through contact with objects, clothing (clothes, bedding or towels) and surfaces used by the patient. There is no specific treatment, but medical images are usually light and cared for.” And observation is needed, “the Sao Paulo government said in a note.
- Avoid close / intimate contact with the sick person until all wounds have healed.
- Avoid contact with any material, such as bedding, used by a sick person.
- Hand hygiene, washing them with soap and water and / or alcohol gel.
Learn the symptoms.
The first symptoms may include fever, headache, muscle and back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills or fatigue. One to three days after the onset of these symptoms, people develop skin lesions that can occur on the hands, mouth, feet, chest, face, and / or genital area.
The risk of death is low.
Monkeypox can be deadly, but the risk is low. There are two distinct groups of the virus circulating in the world, based on their genetic characteristics: one mainly in Central African countries – with a mortality rate of about 10% – and the other in the West. Rotating in Africa, at a very low rate. ., Of 1%.
Preliminary genomic surveillance still shows that the virus circulating outside the African continent is the least deadly.
Complications can occur, especially secondary bacterial infections of the skin or lungs, which can lead to sepsis and death, or the virus can spread to the central nervous system, causing a severe inflammatory condition called encephalitis. Is, which can lead to serious death ..
In addition, like any serious viral illness, depending on the patient’s immune system and conditions and access to appropriate medical care, some cases can lead to death.
The smallpox vaccine protects.
Studies show that pre-smallpox vaccination can be up to 85% effective against monkeys. This is because the two viruses belong to the same family and therefore there is a degree of cross-protection between them due to genetic homology.
However, as smallpox was eradicated 40 years ago, there is currently no vaccine available to the general public. On the 14th, the WHO began recommending vaccinations against smallpox, but only for priority groups, ie those who had contact with people with the disease and health professionals.