There are more than 17,000 mothers up to the age of 14 in Brazil, according to the US data show Health

The case of an 11-year-old girl who became pregnant after being raped in Santa Catarina is no exception in Brazil. Preliminary data were collected by the Ministry of Health. g1 Point it out in 2021 In the country, 17,316 girls up to the age of 14 became mothers.. That number has dropped in recent years.

Under current law, sexual intercourse with children under the age of 14 is considered rape of a vulnerable person. If violence leads to pregnancy, the child has the right to a legal abortion. As this number includes girls who became pregnant after the age of 14, it cannot be said that all are victims of rape.

Perla Ribeiro, a child and adolescent rights expert and coordinator of the Human Rights Commission of the Legislative Chamber of the Federal District Legislature, says the report of pregnancy is the most obvious part of the problem of rape of the vulnerable in Brazil. , Which is still under-reporting.

“We have a very low reporting of cases of sexual abuse of children and adolescents. When this child is pregnant, you only confront the state, because he has to go to the hospital. And then he explores the issue of sexual exploitation and violence, “he says.

Daniella Pedroso, a psychologist who specializes in sexual violence and abortion provided by law, says that maintaining pregnancy in children who have been sexually abused brings a range of psychological problems in addition to physical, social and financial harm.

She says the situation could be even worse if the victim is denied legal right to terminate the pregnancy, as was the case with the Santa Catarina girl, who was granted asylum in the state by a court. Kept in place to prevent it from being allowed. Abortion

The rape victim, a SC woman, discovered she was 22 weeks pregnant when she was taken to a Florianópolis hospital, where she had an abortion procedure, which was rejected by Judge Joanna Ribeiro Zimmer. Given

Following the conclusion of the case in court, the judgments and excerpts of the case came to light in a report by Portal Caterinas and The Intercept. Content was published on Monday (20). In the video, Zimmer tries to persuade the girl to keep the pregnancy and even asks the baby if she can “stay a while.”

On Tuesday morning (21), the court ordered the girl to return to live with her mother. The family’s defense attorney did not provide details on the abortion decision. The trial judge was promoted to another district. According to him, the invitation was given before the reaction of the case.

Pedroso, who has been helping girls and women who have been sexually abused for 25 years, says the girls often have no idea what is happening to them or to their bodies.

“The effect of this girl’s case is because it reminds me of all the similar situations I’ve seen of 10- and 11-year-old girls. Had no idea who didn’t know what was going on, “she says.

“I always remember the case of a girl, how she found out. She was 10 years old, she was in the shower and her breasts were oozing milk and she called her mother, and she told her mother. Succeeded by being raped by her stepfather. And how was the service? [psicológico] He had to sit on the floor with her, who was a child. “

There are more cases in the north and northeast.

Most cases of girls up to the age of 14 with children were recorded in the Northeast (6,855). It is followed by North, with about 4,000 records, followed by Southeast (3.8 thousand), Central-West (1.4 thousand) and South (1.3 thousand).

When we look at the total number of births in the regions, on the other hand, there are fewer records of live births in the Northeast (833,000) than in the Southeast (1.2 million). North (322,000) reported fewer births than South (396,000).

In other words, proportionally, the North and Northeast, the regions with higher poverty rates, have more cases of pregnant girls than other regions.

O g1 The Ministry of Health was asked for complete data for 2021, but no information was received until the publication of this text.

Flávia Nascimento, coordinator for the defense of women’s rights at the Rio de Janeiro State Public Defender’s Office, recalls that the legal provision for abortion of girls under the age of 14 has been in Brazilian legislation since 1940.

Defendant believes that the law, as it does not specify a specific period in which the procedure may be, allows termination of the pregnancy at any time, but emphasizes that in the legal world it There is no consensus.

Nascimento also says it has noticed a great deal of skepticism among doctors about the subject, especially after recent appointments to the health ministry. Earlier this month, the ministry released a document stating that “there is no ‘legal’ abortion” and argued that cases involving “illegal evictions” Proven after the police investigation.

“We have seen an increase in these cases, with skepticism from health professionals, especially since the Ministry of Health has begun to limit the scope of a right that is broad, not limited.” S, which should be guided, brings a tendency against the law and creates a lot of suspicion among health professionals, “he comments.

Historical data on live births indicate a decline in childhood pregnancies in the country since 2014, when 28,245 girls had children. Two years later, in 2016, there were 24,139 girls. In 2019, before the epidemic, mothers up to the age of 14 had 19,300 children.

Despite the decline, the two regions with the highest proportion of pregnant girls – North and Northeast – recorded an increase in cases in 2021, according to preliminary data from the Ministry of Health. The North went up from 3,740 in 2020 to 3,975 in 2021, while the Northeast went up from 6,822 to 6,855.

Despite the decline, the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) highlighted in an article published at the end of 2021 that Brazil’s adolescent growth rate is higher than the global average: 53 per thousand pregnant teens. While there are 41 in the world. In the text, the UN agency highlighted the importance of information and comprehensive sex education to prevent early pregnancy, and the need to address the need to address violence and abuse that target young men and women.

The G1 published a series of reports on legal abortion, when the Ministry of Health published a pamphlet stating that “there is no such thing as a legal abortion” and advocated for it. Abortion is allowed in Brazil “police investigation”.

In the articles, there are details about the method of abortion adopted by the Brazilian legislature. It should be offered free of charge by the Unified Health System (SUS) and is permitted in cases where pregnancy is the result of rape, when a pregnant woman’s life is in danger or when fetal encephalopathy is diagnosed.

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