Mycoses are infections caused by fungi. Since there are many types, diseases caused by these microorganisms are also different.
When it comes to those that affect the skin, hair and nails, the most common fungus causes superficial mycoses – deep, in turn, can reach the internal organs and cause serious health problems. ۔
Fungi are transmitted from one person to another, from animals to humans, and from nature to humans, including plants, soil, and thorns.
The most common forms of contamination are from person to person, due to the proximity and contact with the affected area. Swimming pools, sand, baths, infected animals and land are all possible places to get fungus.
However, there are people who have a genetic predisposition to fungal diseases and may need close medical attention to treat them.
The main types of skin rashes
Also known as onychomycosis, it is an infection caused by a dermatophyte fungus: Epidermophyton, Trichophyton and Microsporum. They can change color (it makes it yellow or white), shape, texture (it makes it thicker) and it can peel or break the nail.
To avoid this type of mycosis, experts advise taking good care of the nails, not sharing nail polish and cutting materials, protecting the nails from gel, and keeping your hands wet longer. Don’t keep To reduce the time and use of detergents and nail polish removers. Diabetes and genetic and acquired diseases that weaken the immune system are also in favor of onychomycosis.
Treatment: Made with antifungal drugs in the form of creams, nail polishes or tablets. Generally, it takes about six months to treat fingernails and up to a year for toenails, which is one of the most difficult mycoses to treat, as the fungus eats the keratin in the nails.
Pityriasis versicolor, also called “white cloth” is a fungal infection caused by a fungus malassezia furfur. It produces a substance that prevents the skin from producing melanin when exposed to the sun, which causes white (hypochromic) spots on the skin. Scaling can also be accompanied by brown, red and dark spots.
Treatment: It can be topical, with the use of creams imidazole derivatives or in the form of oral tablets.
It is a fungal infection that mainly affects the area between the fingers. Itchy, itchy, itchy sores appear on these places.
It is important to wear synthetic socks and change them at least once a day to break a sweat. Also, it is recommended to disinfect your shoes and try to move them, so as not to use them continuously.
When bathing, especially if you are outside, do not forget your individual slippers so that you do not step directly on the floor, as wet places, where many people step, can prevent mildew. Then dry your feet thoroughly and in extreme cases use a hair dryer to do so.
Treatment: Based on the use of local antifungal creams or gels and measures to keep feet dry and reduce excessive sweating.
It is a fungal infection of the skin of the penis and thighs, which can be manifested by excessive and low humidity in the immune system. They are caused by a fungus. Tiny CroresCommon in people who wear very tight or synthetic clothing, which does not allow the body to sweat.
In addition to general guidelines for avoiding it, such as keeping the area dry (especially in summer, ponds and oceans), it is important to assess the presence of diabetes, disease or immune-lowering drugs to avoid it. Is.
Treatment: This is performed by a dermatologist, who may order a test to confirm the diagnosis (direct mycological examination and culture), which may later indicate conditions or oral antifungal.
This type of ringworm is caused by a fungus. Candida albicans And mainly affects the areas of the oral mucosa and the genitals of men and women, but it can also reach the skin, mouth, diaper area, nails, hands, armpits and feet. Vaginal candidiasis is manifested during low immunity or antibiotic treatment times and in cases of poor hygiene habits.
Oral candidiasis mainly affects infants or children in general, also due to the slow development of the immune system.
Treatment: Gentle candidiasis should be treated with ointments and oral tablets or for topical use, while oral candidiasis requires the application of antifungal agents in the form of a gel, liquid or mouthwash, always with variations. , Depending on the severity of the case.
Impingem is a popular name. You had a physicalDisease caused by three types of dermatophyte fungi: Epidermophyton, Trichophyton and Microsporum. They are considered normal mycoses of the skin and can affect different areas of the body. Its appearance is characterized by red spots with light skin in the middle.
Treatment: Made with antifungal agents such as clotrimazole, ketoconazole, isoconazole or terbinafine ointment, but depending on the severity, antifungal tablets may be necessary.
known as Tinnitus, Caused by fungi that can reach the scalp, such as zoophilic (which the patient gets in contact with animals); anthropophilic (infection occurs among individuals of the human species); And geoflakes (where soil is a source of fungus). They can cause hair loss, scalp psoriasis, alopecia areata, atopic dermatitis and more.
Treatment: Requires the use of antifungal drugs such as terbinafine, itraconazole or fluconazole.
General warnings from experts
Increased humidity and heat favors the appearance of the fungus, so it is important to keep the skin dry and healthy to avoid contamination, in addition to paying attention to any various symptoms in the body.
Many people have recurrent yeast infections, so it is important to seek medical help to confirm a diagnosis at the first sign of herpes. The disease can be associated with allergies and other problems, which is why it is important to identify changes early. Treatment depends on the type of ringworm and the area affected.
Monitoring is important, as some drugs interact with other drugs and may cause liver changes, especially if the patient consumes or consumes alcoholic beverages.
Superficial mycoses usually do not lead to more serious problems, however, as this diagnosis shows that nails, hair and skin are not healthy, it is possible that other health problems may also appear, such as erysipelas – An infectious process of the skin, which reaches the fat of the cell tissue. In addition, other microorganisms, such as bacteria, are more likely to infect the skin when it has some kind of mycosis.
Sources: Barbara CarneiroDermatologist, FTC (Faculty of Technology and Science) physician in El Salvador, dermatologist from Ipemed (Minas Gerais Institute of Research and Medical Education); Carolina Melanie, Dermatologist, Doctor from Unioeste (State University of Western Paraná), with postgraduate degree in Cosmetics from Unifesp (Federal University of Sao Paulo); And Jeddah Frere Sobral FulhoPhysician, Master and Doctor of UFPB (Federal University of Peraba), Dermatologist and Professor of Medical Course at Unipê (Centro Universitário de João Pessoa).