- Lucia Blasco
- BBC News World
In our hyper-connected world dominated by world huge internet connections, it is laborious to think about pundits arguing that the Internet wants a “huge makeover.”
However, it is the very ubiquity of the Internet that has led an increasing number of expertise professionals to work on what they name the “new period” of the Internet.
They argue that the present Internet, which is thought of the “second era”, should change to turn into extra clever. They consider it ought to evolve right into a “semantic internet” that, along with being extra environment friendly, will give us extra management over our information.
That’s what they predict with the arrival of a expertise known as Web 3.0, which many in the tech trade are calling “the nice revolution of the Internet.”
Abbreviated as Web3, this new community permits machines to interpret a lot bigger quantities of information. This permits us to work together way more deeply with different customers on any platform, amongst others.
In this “new chapter” of the Internet, we are going to now not want advanced working techniques or giant “laborious drives” to retailer info, as a result of all the pieces shall be in the “cloud”. In addition, all the pieces shall be a lot quicker and customizable.
In basic, it can be stated that machines “collaborate” with people extra successfully in Web3. However, its primary worth is the decentralization of the Internet: making a fairer community and decreasing the energy of the so-called “Internet giants” – big firms in the digital expertise sector – who’re behind this new idea.
This change has been in the works for years and is already affecting Silicon Valley (the tech trade hub of the US state of California). The time period Web3 was coined in 2014 by the British Gavin Wood, the founding father of the ethereum cryptocurrency, along with the Russian-Canadian Vitalik Buterin.
Just as Tim Berners-Lee is thought of the “father of the World Wide Web,” Wood is the “father of ether,” the world’s second most generally used blockchain protocol. This expertise is the foundation of Web3.
Wood, the creator of the Polkadot open supply undertaking, began with the concept that he wanted to “reshape the Internet”: create a brand new structure with a transparent protocol so that providers could possibly be decentralized.
To obtain this purpose, the British pc engineer created the Web3 Foundation to finance the analysis and growth groups that based Web3 and created the Parity Technologies blockchain infrastructure firm for “decentralization” based mostly in Berlin, Germany. community”.
What do you imply by “decentralized”?
“In the starting, the Internet was an open and decentralized protocol,” explains Ursula O’Quingtons, director of communications at Parity Technologies, to BBC Mundo (BBC’s Spanish service). “It started to consolidate in the Nineties with the huge tech firms we all know at present. What we wish with Web3 is to return to the essence of the Internet, to the starting: no one can management this instrument. the quantity of communication that happens in our each day lives”.
At the core of Web3’s framework is blockchain expertise, which permits for the creation of “blocks” and the formation of information chains. Blockchain is primarily referred to as the basis of cryptocurrencies.
If Web 1.0 (Web1) was based mostly on hyperlinks and Web 2.0 (Web2) occurred in social networks, Web 3.0 (Web3) is based mostly on blockchain expertise.
“We must maintain an open thoughts as a result of blockchain is way more than cryptocurrency. Web3 is way more attention-grabbing than token worth,” O’Quingtons stated.
In truth, the parts that make Web3 attainable have been developed over the previous few years, and in a method, that’s true. Its expertise, nevertheless, has not but been mastered or extensively utilized by the basic public.
“Faster, Safer and Opener”
Colin Evran has been working in Web3 growth for 5 years. It runs the Filecoin and IPFS ecosystem, two protocols developed by Protocol Labs, a blockchain expertise firm based mostly in San Francisco, California (USA), whose purpose is to “decentralize the Internet.”
“Lots of my work is about accelerating the transition from Web2 to Web3,” he advised BBC Mundo. “Our purpose is to innovate the Internet to make it quicker, safer, extra resilient and extra open.”
To perceive how Web3 works and how briskly and versatile it can be, we should first perceive how the Internet was created and the way it has modified over the years.
“If we have a look at the early days of the Internet – the Sixties and Seventies – we see that it was earlier than the Internet: it was a mixture of cables and a community that ‘related issues,'” remembers Evran. “Initially, it was a authorities undertaking known as Arpanet to move info.”
In 1990, the World Wide Web (WWW) was created by the British Tim Berners-Lee at the CERN analysis institute in Switzerland. This first internet expanded and introduced the Internet worldwide in the second half of the Nineties. But websites and portals at the time, like Yahoo, had been nonetheless static pages based mostly on hyperlinks—also called easy hyperlinks—that took the person from one tackle to a different.
In the 2000s, Web 2.0 arrived. The primary achievement of Web2, Evran remembers, is that it “allows interactive studying and writing.” “Mobile apps and the internet can ‘speak to one another’ and we can work together with them.”
The third mannequin, based on Evran, will lead the Internet to an excellent higher period. “The growth of Web 3.0 will add belief to all of this, as civil liberties shall be built-in into its core construction,” he says.
Evran additionally criticizes the “centralization” of Web 2.0. “Some cloud storage service suppliers, banks and large governments have all the energy and can management and manipulate information as they see match to become profitable and fulfill their very own pursuits,” says Evran. “We can’t consider these organisms aren’t utilizing our information.”
So what modifications with Web3? “It will change the whole structure of the Internet,” replies Evran. The skilled says, for instance, Web3 “permits customers to entry 1000’s of information facilities round the world and select who shops their information and the way.”
Amazon, Google and Microsoft at present dominate the cloud information storage market. According to 2019 McAfee information, the first firm with a subsidiary AWS controls 41.5% of the whole quantity. It is adopted by Microsoft’s Azure with 29.4% and Google Cloud with 3%.
According to a report by Synergy Research Group, these three firms personal half of the world’s 600 largest information facilities. According to Evran, Web3 could have “clear mechanisms” to confirm the information and eradicate the drawback of pretend information – so-called “pretend information”.
At its most technical, there is the problem of protocols. “When you open Google or every other browser and go to a web site, you’re utilizing the HTTP protocol [nascido com a World Wide Web de Berners-Lee]. You “inform” this protocol to search for a file in a selected location, Evran describes.
He likens the sample to on the lookout for a guide in the metropolis. “It’s like you need to undergo the New York Public Library to discover a guide. If that library collapses or the authorities installs a watchdog, you can now not entry the contents. It’s a centrally managed construction.”
Web3 works differently. “In the world of Web3, each copy of the guide is compressed in a cryptographic algorithm that can’t be manipulated. We can share it with out connecting to the community,” says Evran.
It is a peer-to-peer (P2P) expertise that permits sources to be exchanged on a peer-to-peer foundation, immediately between a number of customers, which, based on Evran, is not attainable with present Web2 and the HTTP protocol it makes use of. .
Ursula O’Quingtons explains that Web3’s blockchain expertise is extraordinarily safe and “no one has been capable of break into it for over a decade now.” “In the century through which we stay, the problem of safety is essential, as a result of an increasing number of of our lives and information are on the Internet,” provides the skilled.
A gradual course of
Those concerned in Web3 predict that these modifications will give Internet customers extra management over the info they can entry and the information they share, and create a freer and extra equal Internet.
But the promise that Web 3.0 can break the hegemony of tech giants like Google or Facebook is questionable. There are skeptical voices like Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla and SpaceX, who posted an ironic touch upon Twitter just a few days in the past. “Has anybody seen Web3? I can’t discover it.”
Or the voice of Jack Dorsey, the founding father of Twitter, who stated that Web3 is “a centralized group, however with a unique label.”
However, Colin Evran doesn’t lose his enthusiasm for innovation.
“The transfer from Web1 to Web2 was a giant transition that took a few years. The transition from Web2 to Web3 is inevitable, nevertheless it will not occur in a single day, it is going to take years. It’s taking its first steps.”
It reveals the participation of members of the international expertise neighborhood. “The variety of builders concerned is a transparent indication that the creators of the future Internet are betting on Web3.”
Evran believes that Web3 will “renew the Internet with a totally new paradigm and shall be way more democratic than Web2.” “If we deal with growing the Internet, in the subsequent 5 to 10 years we can put information again into the arms of customers. That’s what I need for myself and my kids.”
O’Quingtons agrees that change “is not going to be a simple job, nevertheless it is pressing that we’ve a good and simply web.” “We’re nonetheless in the very early levels. “All this has simply begun to broaden and is nonetheless underneath building,” says the skilled.
“But in 2021, we noticed a giant increase with the growth of NFTs [bens digitais] and metaverses [realidades virtuais]. In 2022, we are going to see important modifications corresponding to the growth of those applied sciences, none apart from Web3.”
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